OLD ENGLAND FINE ART

Di Alexander's Techniques

Improving Your Artwork with Self Critiquing

Using a set of art and design elements and principles, it is possible to see faults and virtues in your own work or that of others. I first noticed this while I was painting a picture in 2019. It did not look very good and I needed to find how to improve it. Looking at the Elements and Principles I quickly spotted that the shapes were unbalanced.

There are many versions of this list, using different headings. This is the one used for the Totton Art Society January 2020 meeting.

ELEMENTS - THE BUILDING BLOCKS - OF ART AND DESIGN
There are seven elements (visual effects)  which are unchanging and ever-present in our visual experience.

LINE – example a drawing i
FORM – example monochrome sea & sky painting
TONAL VALUE – example umber underpainting
COLOUR - example painting
SHAPE – example painting
SPACE – example painting
TEXTURE – example collage

PRINCIPLES - THE VISUAL EFFECTS - OF ART AND DESIGN

There are ten principles, or visual effects, which may or may not be significant in a work of art, depending on the judgement of the viewer. They could be applied to any of the elements.

BALANCE
EMPHASIS
HARMONY
MOVEMENT
PATTERN
PROPORTION
REPETITION
RHYTHM
UNITY
VARIETY

Use this matrix to critique any work of art. Tick the relevant boxes or write a few words in a box to record your observations.

 

BALANCE

EMPHASIS

HARMONY

MOVEMENT

PATTERN

PROPORTION

REPETITION

RHYTHM

UNITY

VARIETY

LINE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FORM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TONAL VALUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COLOUR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHAPE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SPACE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TEXTURE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The matrix diagram has been attributed to Dawn Stienecker of the Univeristy of Texas.

HOW THE ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF ART AND DESIGN BEGAN

"The Elements of Drawing and Perspective", "Sketching From Nature" and "Of Colour and Composition" all published by art critic  John Ruskin  He founded the School of Drawing at Oxford in 1871.(now the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art)


"Line and Form"  lectures published by Walter Crane who was a student of John Ruskin, artist and later a lecturer in art.

 

FURTHER READING

https://www.incredibleart.org/files/elements.htm

 

 

Di Alexander ©2020   www.dialexander.co.uk

 

EMAIL Di Alexander

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